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驻乌拉圭大使王刚发表署名文章:《海内存知己 天涯若比邻》
2019/10/25

  2019年10月25日,为庆祝中华人民共和国成立70周年和中乌议会友好交往60周年,驻乌拉圭大使王刚在《中国日报》发表题为《海内存知己   天涯若比邻》的署名文章。全文如下:

  1959年10月,北京迎来了罗德里格斯众议长率领的乌拉圭东岸共和国代表团,当时,整个美洲还没有一个国家与新中国建交,周恩来总理亲切会见了乌拉圭贵宾,揭开了两国人民友好交往的崭新篇章。

  蒙得维的亚是距离北京最遥远的首都。乌面积与贵州省相当,但人口只有其十分之一,是世界上人均拥有耕地最多的国家之一,大部分国土为牧草丰美的波状平原,气候宜人,畜牧业禀赋得天独厚,同时拥有丰富的渔林和水利资源。乌位于世界上最宽广的拉普拉塔河入海口处,首都蒙得维的亚是拥有13米水深的良港,是进入南共市地区的天然门户。

  乌拉圭是中国的好朋友。1988年建交以来,双方始终坚持相互尊重、平等相待、合作共赢的原则,高度的稳定性是中乌关系的最大特点。2016年10月,巴斯克斯总统对中国进行国事访问,同习近平主席共同宣布建立中乌战略伙伴关系,双边关系步入历史最好时期,堪称南南合作的典范。今年春节,巴斯克斯总统专门录制了一段电视节目,向习近平主席和中国人民拜年。乌外长尼恩8个月内三次访华,有人开玩笑说,他去中国比回他老家塞罗拉尔戈省还频繁。

  两国贸易结构互补性强。建交时中乌关系“系于一毛(羊毛)”。31年后,双边经贸合作已从建交初期单一的羊毛贸易扩展到牛肉、大豆、纸浆等多种商品贸易和投资合作等领域。自2012年以来,中国保持乌最大贸易伙伴和最大出口市场地位。2018年,中乌贸易额达46.2亿美元,其中中方对乌出口20.65亿美元,自乌进口25.56亿美元。总体来看,乌拉圭与中国的绝对贸易额并不高,但是考虑到其人口只有350万,从人均来看,乌拉圭对华贸易额排在前列,其人均对华出口和自华进口额甚至超过了墨西哥、阿根廷等地区大国,这也从一个侧面反映出中乌友好关系和乌本身的市场开放态度。

  正如习近平主席所说,文明因交流而多彩,文明因互鉴而丰富。一年多来,“一带一路”框架下的两国民心相通工程交流格外丰富多彩,中国驻乌拉圭大使馆几乎每月都举行文化活动。近期,中国青岛京剧院和赣南师范大学艺术团来乌拉圭奉献了多场精彩的演出,中国艺术家的作品在著名的托雷斯·加西亚博物馆展出,中国残疾人艺术团即将访乌,通过音乐、舞蹈、戏曲、绘画、书法等艺术形式弘扬悠久灿烂、博大精深的中华文化。2017年底,首家孔子学院在乌拉圭共和国大学揭牌,目前两名中国公派教师和汉语志愿者正在乌两所公立中学教授汉语,乌“中华人民共和国小学”连续两年派师生交流团访华。双边人文交流日益活跃,增进了两国人民间的相互了解,让“东方人”和“东岸人”的心更加紧密地连在了一起。

  乌拉圭在拉美率先支持“一带一路”倡议,并于去年中乌建交30周年之际成为首个同中方签署共建“一带一路”谅解备忘录的南共市国家,展现了全面深化对华关系的意愿,这必将进一步加强两国政府间的政策沟通,发挥两国外交部间政治磋商、双边经贸混委会、科技混委会等机制的作用。乌拉圭地理位置优越,具备成为地区重要物流枢纽的条件,而中国在大型基础设施建设管理经验方面有较强优势,双方可在“一带一路”框架下,加强基础设施建设和投融资合作。

  一说到乌拉圭,大多数中国人脑海中首先浮现的一定是足球和著名的关贸总协定“乌拉圭回合”谈判。乌是南美小国,却是世界足球强国,足球在乌拉圭比宗教还狂热。

  乌拉圭还有融合西班牙和葡萄牙建筑风格的世界遗产—科洛尼亚、闻名遐迩的海滨旅游胜地—东角、英姿飒爽的高乔牛仔以及被联合国教科文组织列入人类非物质文化遗产名录的狂欢节。欢迎大家来乌拉圭吃烤肉、跳探戈、饮马黛茶、品丹娜红酒,体验慢节奏、高质量的诗意田园生活。

  海内存知己,天涯若比邻。中乌两国将在“一带一路”框架下,在贸易、农业、基础设施、文化、体育等领域开展更加广泛而深入的合作。我相信,在双方共同努力下,新时代中乌关系必将行稳致远,继续谱写两国友谊的辉煌篇章!

  Sixty years ago, no country in the entire Americas had diplomatic contact with the People's Republic of China. Then, in October 1959, a delegation from Uruguay led by its House of Representatives Speaker Francisco Rodriguez Camusso visited Beijing.

  Then Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai cordially greeted the Uruguayan guests and the two peoples ushered in a new chapter of friendly exchanges.

  Montevideo is the most distant capital from Beijing, but that has not stopped Uruguay being a good friend of China. Since the establishment of diplomatic ties in 1988, the two sides have always adhered to the principle of mutual respect, equality, and win-win cooperation and stability is the biggest feature of China-Uruguay relations.

  Uruguay's area can be compared to that of China's Guizhou province, but its population is only one-tenth of the latter. It is one of the countries with the largest per capita cultivated land in the world. Land is mostly rolling plains with exuberant grass and pleasant climate, ideal for developing animal husbandry.

  The country also has abundant fisheries and water resources. Uruguay is located at the mouth of the La Plata River, the world's widest, and its capital, Montevideo, is endowed with a 13-meter deep port, favorable for trade with the Mercosur (Southern Common Market) members.

  In October 2016, President Tabare Ramon Vazquez Rosas paid a state visit to China and together with Chinese President Xi Jinping, announced the establishment of the China-Uruguay strategic partnership. Bilateral relations have since entered the best period in history and the two countries have created a good example for South-South cooperation.

  During the Spring Festival this year, President Vazquez recorded a video sending blessings to President Xi and the Chinese people. Uruguayan Foreign Minister Rodolfo Nin Novoa has visited China three times in eight months, making some people joke that he has visited China more frequently than his hometown of Cerro Largo.

  The trade structure of the two countries is highly complementary. In the early days, China-Uruguay relations hinged on wool. Thirty-one years later, bilateral economic and trade cooperation has expanded from wool to include commodities such as beef, soybeans and pulp.

  Since 2012, China has been Uruguay's largest trading partner and its largest export market.

  In 2018, the trade volume between China and Uruguay reached $4.62 billion, of which China's exports to Uruguay were $2.07 billion and imports $2.56 billion. Overall, the absolute trade volume with China was not high, but given that it is a country with only 3.5 million people, the per capita trade volume with China ranks high.

  Its per capita exports to China and imports from China even exceeded those of Mexico and Argentina. This also reflects the friendly relations between China and Uruguay and the openness of Uruguay's market.

  As President Xi said, civilizations can become richer and more colorful with exchanges and mutual learning. Over the past year or so, various forms of people-to-people exchanges have taken place under the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative. The Chinese embassy in Uruguay has held monthly cultural events.

  Several art troupes came to Uruguay to present wonderful performances. Chinese artists brought their Chinese style artworks to the famous Torres Garcia Museum. Qingdao Peking Opera company and Gannan Normal University Art Troupe has visited Uruguay. And Chinese Disabled People's Performing Art Troupe is also due to visit in the coming days. These are great opportunities to promote Chinese culture through art forms such as music, dance, opera, painting and calligraphy.

  At the end of 2017, the first Confucius Institute was unveiled at the University of the Republic of Uruguay. At present, two Chinese teachers and some Chinese volunteers are teaching Chinese at two secondary schools in Uruguay. The People's Republic of China Primary School in Uruguay has sent a group of teachers and students to visit China for two consecutive years.

  The increasingly active bilateral cultural exchanges have enhanced mutual understanding between the two peoples and brought the hearts of the peoples closer.

  In Latin America, Uruguay took the lead in supporting the Belt and Road Initiative. Last year, on the 30th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic ties between China and Uruguay, it became the first Mercosur country to sign a memorandum of understanding on Belt and Road cooperation with China. This demonstrates its willingness to comprehensively deepen ties with China.

  The close relations will further strengthen policy communication between the two governments and give play to the role of the political consultation between the two foreign ministries, the bilateral joint economic and trade committee, and the joint science and technology committee.

  Thanks to its geographical position, Uruguay has the potential to become an important logistics hub in the region. Under the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, China, with its large-scale infrastructure construction experience, can offer it technical and financial support to develop its infrastructure.

  The first things that come to mind whenever Chinese people talk about Uruguay, are football and the famous GATT Uruguay Round negotiation. Uruguay is a small country in South America, but it is a world football power. People are fanatical about football.

  Uruguay also boasts a world heritage of Spanish and Portuguese architecture - Colonia del Sacramento, the famous seaside resort of Punta del Este, the heroic high-heeled cowboy and the carnival which is listed by UNESCO as a human intangible cultural heritage.

  Uruguay welcomes everyone to enjoy barbecue, tango, mate and red wine Tannat and experience slow-paced and high-quality poetic idyllic life.

  A bosom friend afar brings a distant land near. Under the framework of the Belt and Road Initiative, China and Uruguay will carry out more extensive and in-depth cooperation in the fields of trade, agriculture, infrastructure, culture and sports.

  With joint efforts on both sides, China-Uruguay relations in the new era will surely be stable and far-reaching and continue to write a glorious chapter of friendship between the two countries!

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